Pedido de ajuda em vítimas de violência no namoro: Revisão sistemática

  • Inês Pinheiro Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais, Universidade Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal
  • Sónia Maria Martins Caridade Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais, Centro de Investigação em Ciências Sociais e do Comportamento; Observatório Permanente Violência e Crime. Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Palavras-chave: Adolescentes, Jovens adultos, Pedido de ajuda, Revisão sistemática, Violência no Namoro

Resumo

Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo sistematizar o conhecimento produzido sobre o pedido de ajuda em adolescentes e jovens adultos que experienciaram violência no namoro, através da identificação e análise dos estudos empíricos realizados neste âmbito.

Métodos: Para tal adotámos os procedimentos para a realização de uma revisão sistemática dos estudos centrados nos comportamentos de pedido de ajuda em vítimas de violência no namoro.

Resultados: Foram identificados 18 estudos com enfoque nos comportamentos de pedido de ajuda por parte dos/as adolescentes e jovens adultos vítimas de violência no namoro. A grande maioria dos estudos constatou que as vítimas revelam uma preferência pelo recurso a fontes de revelação informais, privilegiando os pares. As vítimas de sexo feminino surgiram como as que demonstraram uma maior tendência para a revelação do abuso íntimo, surgindo ainda como as expectadoras que prestam mais suporte e apoio às vítimas. Foram, ainda, identificadas múltiplas barreiras à revelação da experiência abusiva por parte dos/as participantes (e.g., legitimação da violência, medo de perder o/a parceiro/a, vergonha e autossuficiência para resolver a situação).

Conclusões: Consideramos que a investigação neste domínio deverá procurar incluir outras amostras, estudos de continuidade, beneficiando de uma maior uniformização no tipo de instrumentos usados para efetuar a recolha de dados.

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Publicado
2019-11-30
Como Citar
Pinheiro, I., & Caridade, S. M. M. (2019). Pedido de ajuda em vítimas de violência no namoro: Revisão sistemática. Revista Portuguesa De Investigação Comportamental E Social, 5(2), 68-84. https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2019.5.2.124
Secção
Artigo de Revisão