Supervisão clínica em promoção e proteção de crianças e jovens: Uma revisão narrativa
Palavras-chave:Complexidade, Promoção e Proteção de Crianças e Jovens, Supervisão Clínica, Revisão Narrativa
Contexto: As especificidades dos sistemas de promoção e proteção de crianças e jovens exercem um grande impacto no profissional e, consequentemente, no trabalho com as famílias, pelo que a supervisão clínica se constitui como um forte aliado na promoção do bem-estar e proficiência dos profissionais. Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a adequabilidade dos modelos de supervisão às especificidades do contexto de promoção e proteção de crianças e jovens, tendo em conta as funções de supervisão, modelos de supervisão e desafios do contexto. Métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa através da pesquisa de palavras-chave, leitura dos resumos de artigos encontrados e posterior leitura na integra dos artigos que se adequaram ao tema definido. Foram analisados artigos sobre supervisão e supervisão clínica em contextos sociais e de promoção e proteção de crianças e jovens. Resultados: Predomina a utilização de um modelo de supervisão de abordagem única ou de modelos ecléticos com abordagens teóricas divergentes entre si e que não atendem à complexidade dos sistemas familiares sinalizados. Conclusões: Defende-se um modelo com um referencial de leitura integrativo, mas, fundamentalmente, apoiado numa visão ecossistémica do mal trato da criança e do funcionamento familiar, que tenha conhecimento dos procedimentos da instituição e que promova um apoio efetivo ao profissional. Mais estudos devem ser realizados tendo em vista avaliar a influência efetiva da supervisão na prática do profissional com as famílias e a identificação das caraterísticas dos modelos que os tornam eficazes em promoção e proteção.
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