O impacto das experiências emocionais positivas precoces e das competências autocompassivas na sintomatologia depressiva: O papel mediador de diferentes processos de regulação emocional

Palavras-chave: Competências autocompassivas, Evitamento experiencial, Experiências precoces, Ligação ao outro, Sintomatologia depressiva

Resumo

Contexto: A literatura tem documentado que as experiências emocionais precoces e as competências autocompassivas desempenham um papel central na regulação emocional adaptativa e na saúde mental. Adicionalmente, crescente evidência suporta que diferentes processos de regulação emocional exercem um papel mediador significativo na relação entre experiências emocionais e sintomatologia depressiva.

Métodos e Objetivo: Este estudo foi conduzido numa amostra da população geral constituída por 389 participantes, com idades entre os 18 e os 50 anos (M = 31,84; DP = 10,97). Os participantes completaram um protocolo de medidas de autorresposta que avalia memórias precoces de calor e segurança, autocompaixão, proximidade e conexão aos outros, evitamento experiencial e sintomatologia depressiva. O estudo examinou um modelo integrador no qual foi colocado como hipótese que a relação entre memórias afiliativas positivas e sintomatologia depressiva é mediada pela proximidade e conexão aos outros e o evitamento experiencial.

Resultados: Os resultados confirmaram a adequabilidade do modelo testado, o qual explica 34% da variância da sintomatologia depressiva. Os resultados revelaram que experiências precoces de calor, afeto e segurança e as competências autocompassivas se associam a menores níveis de sintomatologia depressiva, através de níveis superiores de sentimentos de segurança e proximidade ao outro e menor adoção de estratégias de evitamento experiencial.

Conclusões: Este estudo contribui para a clarificação do impacto das vivências emocionais precoces e das competências autocompassivas na saúde mental. Os dados sublinham a importância das competências sociais e afiliativas e de aceitação, enquanto mecanismos mediadores na explicação da saúde mental.

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Publicado
2019-01-29
Como Citar
Varela, M. J., & Ferreira, C. (2019). O impacto das experiências emocionais positivas precoces e das competências autocompassivas na sintomatologia depressiva: O papel mediador de diferentes processos de regulação emocional. Revista Portuguesa De Investigação Comportamental E Social, 5(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2019.5.1.101
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