Validação da PANAS numa amostra portuguesa de pessoas idosas em resposta social

  • Laura Lemos Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Psicossocial, Instituto Superior Miguel Torga
  • Helena Espirito-Santo Instituto Superior Miguel Torga http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2625-3754
  • Cristiana Duarte-Figueiredo Instituto Superior Miguel Torga
  • Diana Santos Instituto Superior Miguel Torga
  • Luís Cunha Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Psicossocial, Instituto Superior Miguel Torga; Centro de Estudos e Investigação em Saúde da Universidade de Coimbra
  • Fernanda Daniel Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Psicossocial, Instituto Superior Miguel Torga; Centro de Estudos e Investigação em Saúde da Universidade de Coimbra
Palavras-chave: Envelhecimento, Resposta Social, Bem-Estar Subjetivo, PANAS

Resumo

Introdução: O afeto positivo e negativo são duas dimensões psicobiológicas do bem-estar subjetivo (BES) relevantes para a forma como é experienciada a circunstância da recurso a apoio institucional na vida de muitas pessoas idosas.

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi validar, no contexto de resposta social, uma versão breve da Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), um questionário que permite avaliar o afeto positivo e negativo.

Métodos: Numa amostra de 389 idosos (61 – 100 anos; = 80,89; DP = 7,48 anos), avaliados através da PANAS, da Satisfaction With Life Scalee da Geriatric Depression Scale-8, testaram-se as propriedades psicométricas e realizou-se uma análise fatorial exploratória da PANAS. Numa segunda amostra de 383 sujeitos  (60 – 99 anos; = 80,27; DP = 7,87 anos) efetuou-se uma análise fatorial confirmatória.

Resultados: Obteve-se uma versão reduzida da PANAS, com 14 itens, estrutura bidimensional, adequadas consistências internas, validade convergente e divergente para o Afeto Positivo/AP e Afeto Negativo/AN. A estabilidade temporal (intervalo = 1,44 meses) foi igualmente adequada para o AP  e para o AN (< 0,001). A análise fatorial confirmatóriarevelou um ajustamento adequado para a estrutura bidimensional da PANAS-14 (AGFI = 0,91; CFI = 0,93; SRMR = 0,05; RMSEA = 0,06; PCLOSE = 0,12).

Conclusão: A PANAS-14 é um instrumento breve psicometricamente adequado para a avaliação do PA e do NA em pessoas idosas em resposta social.

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Biografia Autor

Helena Espirito-Santo, Instituto Superior Miguel Torga

Helena Espírito Santo, PhD.

Professora Auxiliar

Editora-chefe da Revista Portuguesa de Investigação Comportamental e Social

Coordenadora do Departamento de Investigação & Desenvolvimento

Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra, Portugal

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Publicado
2019-11-30
Como Citar
Lemos, L., Espirito-Santo, H., Duarte-Figueiredo, C., Santos, D., Cunha, L., & Fernanda Daniel, F. (2019). Validação da PANAS numa amostra portuguesa de pessoas idosas em resposta social. Revista Portuguesa De Investigação Comportamental E Social, 5(2), 49-67. https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2019.5.2.160
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