Nomofobia na população portuguesa em contexto pandémico: estudo comparativo antes e durante a pandemia COVID-19

Autores

  • Ilda Maria Massano-Cardoso Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra; Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Coimbra; Centro de Estudos e Investigação em Saúde da Universidade de Coimbra (CEISUC) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2510-2348
  • Sofia Figueiredo Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6054-5115
  • Ana Galhardo Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra; Universidade de Coimbra, Centro de Investigação em Neuropsicologia e Intervenção Cognitiva e Comportamental (CINEICC) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3484-6683

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2022.8.1.239

Palavras-chave:

Nomofobia, COVID-19, Uso de ecrãs, Bem-estar digital

Resumo

Contexto e Objetivo: A nomofobia (no mobile phone) é definida como uma fobia da era digital que se traduz num medo excessivo de ficar impedido de usar o telemóvel. No contexto da pandemia COVID-19, observou-se a intensificação do uso das tecnologias de informação e comunicação. Este estudo pretendeu explorar a existência de diferenças nos níveis de nomofobia experienciados durante a pandemia, comparando-os com os evidenciados antes da pandemia. Adicionalmente, procurou-se analisar a relação entre a nomofobia e variáveis como a frequência do uso dos ecrãs na atividade profissional, o recurso ao gerenciador do telemóvel e em que medida a pandemia tornou o uso do ecrã uma prática recorrente. Hipotetiza-se que, em virtude da maioria das atividades ocorrer no domicílio (teletrabalho, aulas online), se observe uma diminuição global da nomofobia. Métodos: Estudo de desenho transversal. Participaram 288 indivíduos da população geral em situação de pandemia e 500 indivíduos de uma amostra recolhida previamente à pandemia. Todos os participantes preencheram online o European Portuguese Version of the Nomophobia Questionnaire. Resultados: Os níveis de nomofobia observados durante a pandemia foram mais reduzidos comparativamente aos do período pré-pandemia. Não se observaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas nos níveis de nomofobia em função do sexo, estado civil ou prática recorrente do uso do ecrã. A nomofobia não se mostrou associada à idade, uso dos ecrãs para efeitos profissionais ou recurso ao gerenciador do telemóvel. Conclusões: Em virtude da maioria das atividades ocorrerem em casa (teletrabalho, aulas online), os níveis de nomofobia observados em situação de pandemia foram mais reduzidos. Estes parecem estar relacionados com a diminuição global do medo de não poder comunicar através do telemóvel, perder conectividade, não poder aceder à informação e recear não ter sinal Wi-Fi ou ficar sem bateria.

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Publicado

04-03-2022

Como Citar

Massano-Cardoso, I. M., Figueiredo, S., & Galhardo, A. (2022). Nomofobia na população portuguesa em contexto pandémico: estudo comparativo antes e durante a pandemia COVID-19. Revista Portuguesa De Investigação Comportamental E Social, 8(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2022.8.1.239

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